History

In the early 1970’s, the Boston Redevelopment Authority published an inventory of unprotected green spaces, wetlands, woodlands and rock outcrops entitled “Boston Urban Wilds, A Natural Area Conservation Program.” Among the larger and more significant ones was the 24 acre Bussey Brook Meadow.

John Blackwell

John Blackwell

In 1996, the Arboretum Park Conservancy (APC), which had been legally spun off by the Boston Natural Areas Network, persuaded Harvard to afford the unappreciated property the protection of the indenture, thus averting the threat that the MBTA would take it for a bus garage. Through the hard work of John Blackwell, the APC raised the funds to build a 2000 foot long footpath with welcoming ornamental gates across Washington Street from Forest Hills T station and another opposite the Arboretum’s original gate on South Street where the Weld farmhouse stood.

Bussey Brook Meadow in the fall

Bussey Brook Meadow in the fall

In 2002, Mayor Thomas Menino celebrated the Grand Opening of the Bussey Brook Meadow and the Blackwell Path.

The continuing purpose of the Footpath is to provide a pleasant walk through the urban wild to the South Street Gate for users of public transportation. Drawings by APC Board member Anne Schmalz, illustrate the seasonal progression of plants in the meadow. The drawings change throughout the year and are mounted on permanent frames donated by the APC.

In 2011, Ned Friedman, director of the Arboretum and evolutionary biologist, spearheaded a new program to expand knowledge of invasive species and engage the public as they walk through the park. Peter del Tredici summarizes the program as follows, “One of the main difficulties facing researchers who study urban ecology is finding vegetated sites that will remain open and undisturbed over a long enough time period for observations to become ecologically meaningful. It is the intention of the Arboretum that the Bussey Brook Meadow become a site where long-term ecological research can happen without unanticipated disruptions that would compromise the integrity of future data. Bussey Brook Meadow will be allowed to develop as a site where scientists from the Arboretum and from surrounding universities can monitor long-term changes in the structure and function of an unmanaged, spontaneous urban ecosystem.”

The Ecology of an Urban Wild

Posted by on Dec 20, 2014 in History | Comments Off on The Ecology of an Urban Wild

Peter Del Tredici, Senior Research Scientist, summarizes current research conducted in the meadow in his article, “The Ecology of an Urban Wild: Monitoring Spontaneous Plants in Bussey Brook Meadow”, published in the Fall/Winter 2011-2012 issue of The Arnold Arboretum’s publication Silva.

A walk down the Blackwell Footpath in the Arboretum’s Bussey Brook Meadow presents visitors with opportunities to observe a spontaneous wildflower meadow, a flourishing wetland, and a diversity of both native and introduced plants and animals. A report published by the City of Boston Environment Department in 2000 included the Bussey Brook Meadow in its inventory of the city’s significant “urban wilds”—areas not maintained to a proscribed horticultural standard and lacking amenities other than unpaved pathways. Unlike many of the locations included on the list, the 24 acres that make up Bussey Brook Meadow are an ideal site for research, because it is protected through the Arboretum’s indenture and not subject to loss from future development.

As interest in the subject of “urban ecology” has blossomed over the past twenty
years, ecologists have found that traditional concepts of natural systems ecology do not adequately describe the complex interactions that characterize urban environments. Recognizing the need for more information and new conceptual approaches, the National Science Foundation established two Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) sites in 1999 specifically devoted to the study of urban ecosystems. Over the past ten years, studies at sites in Phoenix and Baltimore have generated abundant data about the ecological functioning of modern cities. The initial success of these projects has highlighted the need for more sites where urban ecology can be studied over time.

In 1996, the Arboretum Park Conservancy partnered with the Arboretum to preserve this landscape, which was assembled from parcels of land that formerly belonged to the MBTA, the City of Boston, and Harvard University. Under the current management regimen, the meadow will serve as a site where Arboretum scientists and visiting scholars can document long-term changes in plant succession and measure ecosystem functions including vegetation structure, wildlife abundance, phenology, and biogeochemical cycling. In addition, the Arboretum will continue to maintain the Blackwell Path which crosses the parcel as a pedestrian link from the Forest Hills subway station to the historic landscape.

In the past year alone, Bussey Brook Meadow has spurred four separate studies by researchers from Tufts and Boston Universities, and has been used by students from the Harvard Graduate School of Design, Harvard Medical School, and Brandeis University. The Arboretum has also become a participatory member of two ULTRA (Urban Long-Term Research Area) exploratory projects funded by the National Science Foundation and USDA Forest Service. One is coordinated by the Geography Department of Boston University, while the second is a multi-institutional endeavor coordinated from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst.

As such, Bussey Brook Meadow becomes a permanent site for monitoring spontaneous urban ecology that can only become more valuable over time.e

Eugenie Beal, 1911-2013.

Posted by on Dec 28, 2013 in History | Comments Off on Eugenie Beal, 1911-2013.

Eugenie Beal, 92; ‘mother of green space’ in Boston

By Bryan Marquard Globe Staff September 05, 2013

Eugenie Beal was the first chair of Boston’s Conservation Commission.

As the environmental movement began to coalesce in the late 1960s, Eugenie Beal was studying parks for the League of Women Voters when she and the organization decided Boston would benefit from having a Conservation Commission.

She took the idea to Mayor Kevin White and by 1970 Ms. Beal was chairing the commission as its first leader. “We have to nail down anything that hasn’t been developed,” she told the Globe four years later, “and there isn’t much left.”

Working inside and outside of government, Ms. Beal spent more than four decades doing just that as one of the city’s most successful advocates for preserving open spaces. She was the first director of the city’s Environment Department, served for many years on the board of the Friends of the Public Garden, was a member of the Mayor’s Central Artery Completion Task Force, cofounded the nonprofit Boston Natural Areas Network, and helped launch the Emerald Necklace Conservancy.

“Genie Beal was the mother of green space in the City of Boston,” said Mayor Thomas M. Menino. “She was one of the kindest advocates for protecting green space and the natural beauty of our city. She was a true believer. Her only agenda was improving the open spaces in Boston.”

Ms. Beal, who in 2005 was an inaugural recipient of the Justine Mee Liff Spirit Award, presented by the Emerald Necklace Conservancy in honor of the late Boston Parks commissioner, died in her sleep Aug. 28 in the Springhouse retirement community in Jamaica Plain. She was 92 and had attended meetings until the end, visiting the mayor’s office just two weeks ago.

“I think people thought we were a bit crazy to think anything could be preserved at all,” she told the Globe in 1995, looking back at her beginnings in 1970 and her first quarter century as a public official and private advocate of setting aside open spaces.

Her success may have been due principally to persistence, but her presence also opened doors, wallets, and hearts as she went about her work. Conservatively dressed, she could be soft-spoken until she wanted to make a particular point. Then her voice took on a tone that, for friends, was as memorable as it was indescribable.

“She was extraordinarily patient, strategic. She was very savvy politically and extremely articulate. And most important, she was charming,” said Valerie Burns, president of the Boston Natural Areas Network. “Always polite, very proper, and very smart, she really tickled the hearts of a lot of politicians because she was so hard to say ‘no’ to.”

Menino agreed, saying “you couldn’t say no to her” because Ms. Beal was determined to ensure that Boston’s open spaces were as good or better than could be found elsewhere.

To be sure, Ms. Beal realized that cities brought different resources to bear on open space preservation. “Comparing the Rose Kennedy Greenway and its surroundings to New York City’s Central Park is as logical as comparing a mouse to an elephant,” she chided in a 2009 Globe letter to the editor. She cautioned officials to avoid using unlikely comparisons as they contemplated plans for a greenway that she praised as “an unpolished gem.”

As an advocate, Ms. Beal used various venues to argue her cause. She led public agencies and helped launch and nurture nonprofits. She served on boards, wrote Globe opinion pieces and letters to the editor, and penned essays for CommonWealth magazine.

“Whenever you wanted to talk about green space, you talked to Genie Beal,” Menino said.

Margaret Eugenie Moore, who preferred to be called Genie, was born in New York City, the older of two daughters. Her parents were Edwin Norton Moore and the former Margaret Foster Smith. Her sister, Katharine, died in 1983.

Ms. Beal grew up in New York’s Westchester County suburbs and accompanied her father, a trusts and estates lawyer, on business trips to Paris and Berlin in the 1920s and ’30s.

As a high school junior, she visited Radcliffe College and stayed at the Copley Hotel. After enrolling at Radcliffe, she and a date strolled through the grassy median of Commonwealth Avenue one day, a walk that made an impression.

“That gave her a vision of Boston as a special place with open green spaces, beautiful houses right in the downtown area, and a certain livability for all,” said her son, Christopher of New York City.

Because of her foreign travels, she was fluent in French and German by the time she arrived at Radcliffe, and she aspired to become a linguist. Instead, she left after two years to marry David Beal.

They had three children and moved as they followed his work to Tennessee, New York, and Massachusetts. Their marriage ended in divorce and he died in 1985.

In 1980, she married John Blackwell, with whom she founded the Boston Natural Areas Network. She formerly chaired the organization and was an emerita board member.

“In the beginning, conservation was thought to be something you did in the suburbs — people felt there was no real relevance to the cities,” Ms. Beal wrote in remarks she prepared for the organization’s 25th anniversary celebration. “I’m proud to be part of a dedicated group of people throughout the City of Boston and in various organizations who helped to change the climate of opinion.”

Along with her advocacy work, Ms. Beal returned to college, graduating from Boston University with a bachelor’s degree and two master’s degrees, her son said.

In 2005, Ms. Beal and developer Norman Leventhal were the first recipients of the Liff award. Her other honors included the Charles Eliot Award from the Trustees of Reservations and the LaGasse Medal from the American Society of Landscape Architects.

The green spaces she preserved were more important to her, however, and “she was enormously proud in her very quiet, lady-like way,” her son said.

Ms. Beal’s husband died in 2010. In addition to her son, she leaves two daughters, Hilary of Somerville and Margaret of Brookline; two stepsons, Thomas Blackwell of Ann Arbor, Mich., and William Blackwell of Waterloo, Belgium; two grandchildren; and two step-grandchildren.

A memorial service will be held at 11 a.m. Sept. 26 in the Arnold Arboretum’s Weld Hill Research Building in Jamaica Plain.

“We aspire to be a world-class city,” she wrote in a Globe letter to the editor in June 2011. “Let’s come together to figure out how to make our parks attain that standard.”

Although Ms. Beal was part of the city’s decision to consolidate six commissions into one Environmental Department, she also advocated creating individual nonprofits to focus on particular initiatives. And she was an early believer in public-private partnerships, Burns said, especially when they led to lasting preservation.

“Genie was always very focused on what change she could help make that would be permanent, that wasn’t just temporary for a few years,” Burns said.
Bryan Marquard can be reached at bmarquard @ globe.com.

John Blackwell honored at Emerald Necklace Conservancy 15th Anniversary

Posted by on Dec 24, 2013 in History | Comments Off on John Blackwell honored at Emerald Necklace Conservancy 15th Anniversary

May 14, 2013, Eugenie Beal accepted the Olmsted Award of Excellence presented posthumously to John Blackwell for his work in making the Bussey Brook Meadow part of the Arnold Arboretum.

The Puddingstone Wall Project

Posted by on Dec 14, 2013 in History | Comments Off on The Puddingstone Wall Project

The Arboretum Park Conservancy works with the Arnold Arboretum and the Boston Parks Department to improve the safety and appearance of the historic puddingstone wall which separates the Bussey Brook Meadow from South Street. In 2007 the APC received a Small Changes Grant from the City of Boston to restore 700 feet of the wall from the new South Street Gate to the Asticou/Martinwood neighborhood. The grant was matched by donations from the APC, the Arnold Arboretum, and the Arnold Arboretum Committee, a neighborhood group.

Below are images of the work being done by Your Space Landscape and Construction, Inc., of Burlington, MA, in March 2008. With the cooperation of the Arnold Arboretum the APC is currently pursuing further grant possibilities to continue the restoration of the wall.